Dating back to between the 5th and 7th centuries, the role of Kastabos is not very clear. Roles suggested by different authors include: a temple of worship for nearby Bybassos, a sanctuary where pregnant women went for assistance with difficult births, a meeting place for the local council of Bybassos.
The ruins of today include an amphitheatre and a temple – both existing in only skeletal form. There ar references to the existence of Kastabos but not really anything that describes its eceonomy. Suggested functions for the site include the temple for pregnant women, political meetings for the local government in the amphitheatre, celebrations and even markets – the Turkish name of “Pazarlik Tepe” translates as “market hill.”
|Access to Site:||by dolmuş from Marmaris|
|The site lies some kilometres off paved roads where public transportation runs. The site itself is only some 10 or 20 metres off these dirt roads. The roads are generally in good condition but are not necessarily maintained. So storm water may cut gullies across the roads which can be walked over or a 4-wheel vehicle can cross but a normal car may not make it. But for walking it is a lovely outing in the forest with occasional views out over the coastal areas and out to sea. There are 3 ends to the forest roads – two in south Hisarönü and one in the Keci Bükü area of Orhaniye.|
|Click here for local bus schedules in Muğla province.|
|Ancient Locations database||nothing|
|Carian Trail website||nothing|
|MegaLithic website||click here|
|Perseus database||click here|
|Tay Project database||click here|
|Vici website (Pazarlik town)||click here|
|Vici website (amphitheatre)||click here|
|Vici website (Temple of Hemethea)||click here|
More information (in Turkish) on Kastabos (and Bybssos) is found at arkeolojigezginleri.blogspot.com.
|Site Condition:||2 (out of 5)|
|Site Ambience:||4 (out of 5)|
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There are 2 main items to view at this ruins, located quite close to each. The first is an amphitheatre which is extensively covered by the debris of ages. It is not hard to find but there is not a lot visible – perhaps more may lie buried under the soil. The other is the Temple of Hemethea – Hemethea was a treater of women experiencing difficult pregnancies. The outline of the base of the temple is easily identified with fallen and uplifted blocks lying around. It is worth walking across the small site to the northwest corner, which is at the top of a 12m wall. The trees from below the wall have grown up so high that it is not obvious from even a short distance that the wall is there. Once on the top of the wall, one can imagine the trees removed and the white stone walls with the white stone temple above it sitting on the mountain top – visible from the whole valley and out the Datça peninsula. With a setting sun it must have glowed and been visible from large distances – all the white marble columns and roof glistening in the sunshine.
The modern access is from a forest fire road, and consequently you enter from what would have historically been the “rear” of the temple. Presumably pilgrims and supplicants in ancient times approached the front of the temple which was high above them on a 10 to 15m cut-stone wall.
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